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Aplastic anaemia

Aplastic anaemia (AA) is a rare condition in which the bone marrow fails to produce all three major types of blood cell. It is not a form of cancer.

Types of aplastic anaemia

There are several types of aplastic anaemia:

  1. Acquired aplastic anaemia – this is the most common type where there is often no obvious or known cause.
  2. Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes – there are rare inherited conditions which may lead patients on to develop aplastic anaemia. The most common of these is Fanconi anaemia.

How common is aplastic anaemia?

Aplastic anaemia only affects about 120 – 150 people each year in the UK.

Although it can affect anyone, at any age, it is most common between 10 and 20 years old and in people aged over 60 – 65 years old. 

  • Published: Oct 2016
  • Next planned review: Oct 2018